Periodontal Treatment and Psychology


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Primary Outcome Measures:
Secondary Outcome Measures:

  • Body image level [ Time Frame: Baseline and after 6 weeks ]

    The changes in body image level within 6 weeks. Body image level was determined using the Body Cathexis Scale.

  • Anxiety level [ Time Frame: Baseline and after 6 weeks ]

    The changes in anxiety level within 6 weeks. Anxiety level was determined using the Beck Anxiety Inventory.

  • Self-esteem level [ Time Frame: Baseline and after 6 weeks ]

    The changes in self-esteem level within 6 weeks. Self-esteem level was determined using the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale.

  • Probing pocket depth [ Time Frame: Baseline and after 6 weeks ]

    The changes in probing pocket depth after periodontal treatment.Probing pocket depth was measured for determining severity of disease and clinic outcome.

  • Clinical attachment level [ Time Frame: Baseline and after 6 weeks ]

    The changes in clinical attachment level after periodontal treatment. Clinical attachment level was measured for determining severity of disease and clinic outcome.

  • Gingival index [ Time Frame: Baseline and after 6 weeks ]

    The changes in gingival index level after periodontal treatment. Clinical attachment level was measured for determining severity of disease and clinic outcome.

  • Plaque index [ Time Frame: Baseline and after 6 weeks ]

    The changes in plaque index after periodontal treatment. Plaque index was recorded for determining and classifying oral hygiene status.

  • Bleeding on probing [ Time Frame: Baseline and after 6 weeks ]

    The changes in bleeding on probing after periodontal treatment. Bleeding on probing was recorded for classifying and evaluating (apically) gingival inflammation.

Background: Depression is a multi-factorial disease characterized by a variety of symptoms. Psychiatric disorders seem to be more prone to periodontitis compared to patients without psychiatric disorders. However periodontal disease and depression can be considered bidirectional risk factors. Periodontal disease can also be an effect on depression. The aim of this randomized controlled clinical study is to determine the effect of non-surgical mechanical periodontal treatment on psychological state.

Material and methods: The study population consisted of 184 depressed patients with non-treated periodontal diseases. Two randomized group is formed from these patients. Immediately periodontal treatment (test group, n = 92) and delayed periodontal treatment (control group, n = 92). Clinical periodontal and psychological measures were performed at baseline and 6th weeks on control and test group.