Gastroparesis Syndromes: Pathophysiology and Response to Electrical Stimulation

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Primary Outcome Measures:
Secondary Outcome Measures:

Patients were evaluated by two methods in each of five areas: inflammatory, autonomic, enteric, electrophysiologic, and hormonal.

In part one, patients had similar GI Symptoms regardless of baseline gastric emptying or diabetic/non-diabetic status and all patients demonstrated abnormalities in each of the 5 areas studied.

In part two, patients showed early and late effects of electrical stimulation with changes noted in multiple areas, categorized by improvement status.