- correlation between vitamin D level and semen parameters [ Time Frame: baseline ]
-Idiopathic male infertility is known as idiopathic oligoasthenoteratozoospermia, which indicates that the men have an unexplained reduction of semen quality.
In contrast, unexplained male infertility is defined as infertility of unknown origin with normal sperm parameters.
Furthermore, optimal strategies for treating idiopathic male infertility have also remained unclear.
- Data from studies in humans suggest that vitamin D receptors are present in testis, epididymis, prostate and seminal vesicles. The level of expression varies, being higher in epididymis and seminal vesicles.
- Vitamin D receptors expression was also evident in Leydig cells, as well as in normal and abnormal sperm, with the acrosomal region and the neck being the sites with the most abundant messenger ribonucleic acid expression.
- The 1,25(OH)2 D3 molecule increases intracellular calcium concentrations, sperm motility and acrosin activity, and reduces triglyceride content in sperm, actions that significantly contribute to fertilising capacity within the female reproductive tract.